Furthering Your Understanding Of Disability

Knowledge and understanding are the first steps to overcoming the barriers set for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities.

An intellectual disability is an accepted term used to describe a disability that significantly affects a person’s ability to learn and use information.

Other key points to consider are:

  • This disability is also commonly referred to as a developmental disability
  • An intellectual disability is often diagnosed in childhood and continues lifelong
  • Many people who have intellectual disabilities use different types of assistance to help with daily life


People who have an intellectual disability often face service systems that categorize, group or label them. It is easy for someone’s individual goals, strengths and needs to get lost in such a system. Too often people who have an intellectual disability are left out of plans and decisions about their own life.

Individualization means that every person has unique capabilities, interests and needs. It means that a person is at the centre of all decision making and plans that affect them.

Two gentlemen posing for camera outside